Woodpeckers of the family picidae,
represented in the Indian Subcontinent, Woodpeckers are of great
importance of forestry since these birds live on wood boring beetles
, which can be highly injurious to trees they are extracted from
tree and eaten , it saves tree.
Tongue of Woodpecker is great adaptation , it is a part of
inheritance of bill and elastic issue that goes under the jaw around
the back of the head to the right nostril leaving the left for
bidding the whole apparatus lies over the head & short pointed tail
,both useful in climbing vertical on tree trunks.
The commonest species is perhaps the golden backed woodpecker which
is a common visitor on trees and its cackling metallic call ,
it frequently visit to the ground to eat ants and other insects
.dogma this woodpecker is a small size bird with white spots on
abdomen and the metallic click click call , Woodpecker is a frequent
visitor to coconut groves and the nest is usually a hole made on
decaying branch and the white eggs usually 3 in number are incubated
by both sexes . when the branch is horizontal the entrance hall is
placed on the underside to keep out rain the Golden Backed
Woodpeckers are reported at Rajaji National Park .
Woodpeckers are bigger than Myna and have length about 29
centimeters, there food is wood boring insects , beetles,
nectors etc. and domestic duties are well shared by both male and
females of the species .
Nesting season is March to August , Woodpeckers mostly make sounds .
Male and female can be identified easily because of stripes , female
has one strip and part section and male has two complete stripes.